Document Type : Research Paper


Persian Language and Literature, Faculty of Literature and Foreign Languages, Mazandaran University, Babolsar, Iran



Hassan Farhangfar, Gilani's contemporary writer, is known in the realm of novels and short stories. Farhang-Far's effort to purify the society from class distance, cultural backwardness and the necessity of enjoying civil rights, caused him to make social realities the subject of his stories by combining realist and imaginary realist perspectives. He based them on dual oppositions. Although Saussure is the inspiration of structuralism, structuralism is known by the names of personalities such as Strauss, Barthes and Foucault, and Strauss plays a significant role in organizing it. Strauss considers dual oppositions to be the main function of the mind and the foundation of the culture of any nation. Because every structure in structuralism is expressed based on double opposition, the structure of literary works can also be analyzed based on double oppositions. In this research, the dual contrasts are divided into: 1) personality and thought, 2) place, 3) time, 4) symbolic-lexical, and the role of the realist and illusionary view of culture in their formation in two sets. The concern of Kahram and colorless buttons has been analyzed in a descriptive-analytical way. Based on the results of the research, place and time and conventional traditions determine the formulation of individual ethics in realistic and fictional fictional stories of culture, personality contrast is more prominent than other contrasts in them. One of the reasons is the author's entry into the details and psychoanalytical description of the world inside and outside of the characters. Because illusory realism wanders between two things, it is more capable of creating double oppositions. In these stories, the nature of personality confrontation is such that it manifests spatial, temporal and symbolic confrontations in order to provide the grounds for the emergence of realistic and imaginary realist events.


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