Document Type : Research Paper


1 Persian language and literature, University of Kashan, Kashan, Iran

2 Department of Persian Language and Literature, University of Kashan, Kashan, Iran



Anecdote is one of the most widely used types of stories in the language of mysticism. However, until the 4th century, which is the century when mystical stories were established, we do not encounter many stories among the early works of Muslim mystics, and this point prompted us to search for the roots of this type of literature in the language of mysticism. During the study of the works of Shaqiq Balkhi (d. 194 A.H.), Kitab al-Raa'yah for the rights of Allah, Harith al-Mashabisi (165-243 A.H.), Kitab al-Maqamat al-Qulob Abul Hossein Nouri (d. 295 A.H.), the letters of Abu Saeed Kharaz (d. 297/277 A.H.?) and Junaid al-Baghdadi's letters (d. 298 A.H.) we found simple forms that can be attributed to the origin of the story in the language of mysticism. This fact is not far from the general flow of the emergence of literary genres; Because these genres were not created at once and simple forms can be considered for them.This fact is not far from the general flow of the emergence of literary genres; Because these genres were not created all at once and simple forms can be considered for them. This article, which was done with a descriptive-analytical method, helps to know the roots of story types such as allegory in mystical literature, because all these types, in the first place, arose from anecdotes. By analyzing mystical texts until the end of the 4th century, we came to the conclusion that Quranic verses, prophetic hadiths, religious traditions, mystical experiences, parables and Socratic polemics form the six roots of stories in the language of mysticism.


Main Subjects

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