Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Persian Language and Literature. faculty of Persian literature and foreign Languages Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Persian Language and Literature, Faculty of Literature and Foreign Languages, Allameh Tabataba&';i University, Tehran, Iran



In critical discourse analysis, linguistic concerns and connections between discourses are examined in light of social and cultural frameworks and power dynamics in an effort to uncover hidden truths in the complex production of literary works. The poems of Wasef Bakhtari have been examined in this paper using this methodology to examine social propositions, ethnic nationalism, and linguistic hegemony of the discourse of domination, representation, social atrocities, and "cultural crimes" of the dictatorial rulers of Afghanistan in the 1960s and 1970s. In contrast, using a descriptive and qualitative analytical approach, Fairclough's critical discourse analysis has been used to interpret the critical discourse of Bakhtari's poems in the field of contemporary Persian poetry from Afghanistan in three levels of description, interpretation, and explanation. In Bakhtari's poems, the 1960s and 1970s represent the bright lights in the frameworks that reflect many of the social and cultural transformations that took place in ancient Iran and Khorasan. The current study helps readers in comprehending the ideologies of the poet and analyses the prevailing discourse of Afghanistan's contemporary history during the 1960s and 1970s. The findings of this study have demonstrated that Bakhtari frequently exposed the obscure elements of the strict system of the ruling discourse and the challenging class existence of the time. The poet has harshly criticized the social structure and the resentful inaction of the people against social tyranny. He has also vigorously contested the linguistic hegemony of the time.


Main Subjects

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