Fluidity of motifs in Saeb Tabrizi's poetry and Indian style (A case study of Cypress and Cuckoo motif)

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Assistant Professor in Persian Language and Literature, Language and Linguistics center, Sharif University of technology

2 Assistant Professor of Persian Language and Literature, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, University of Tehran



Motifs are one of the most important structural elements of art works . Also, in the field of literature, motifs as recurring stylistic elements, are one of the important elements. With a more detailed study of Indian style poetry, we find that the use of motifs has a high frequency and significance. In addition to using this literary element a lot, the poets of this era also made changes in the motifs. One of the most important of these poets is Saeb Tabrizi,. He has a great tendency to thematize through the use of poetic motifs. Apart from that, the other characteristic of his poetry is the changes he makes in the meaning of the themes compared to Persian poetry tradition. In Persian literary research, these symbolic meanings are referred to as associations. In the present research, an attempt has been made to examine the evolution of poetic motifs from a new perspective by matching the concept of the term association with the term motivation in the works of Gérard Genette, a French theoretician. In the end, by placing as a basis the base of Cypress and Cuckoo in Saeb Tabrizi's sonnets, it has been concluded that one of the characteristics of Saeb's individual style and on a more general level, his period style is that his great desire to create new and original motivations for Poetic motifs have caused a feature that was called "fluidity of motifs" in the present research. In many cases, this feature has led to the abstraction of multiple and sometimes chaotic and contradictory motivations for a single principle. In fact, the fluidity of the motifs can be considered as a reaction to the possible loss that the poets of this period felt when looking at the great poets before them.


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